Want to start a flower plantation? Learn now with our step by step guidelines!
Roses, daisies, yellow or red, these are just a few varieties of flowers that exist in the world, ranging from the simple to the most sophisticated and exotic, pleasing scents.
Usually, these plants enchant by the beauty they possess, and they can be used to gift someone or to decorate environments and events, as they add charm, elegance and a natural touch to spaces.
However, more than beautiful, flowers can also be a great source of income. After all, there is a great demand from people interested in using this product.
Are you interested in growing flowers? The act of working with the planting of flowers for commercial purposes has been present in the world since time immemorial. This activity does not have a high degree of complexity, being easy to perform, as the maintenance done on the plantation is simple.
Along with a flower plantation you can set up a traditional florist or even an online version, with this, the yield will be higher, as you will not have to buy flowers, producing them, acquiring only what is missing.
Despite being a simple business venture, the planting of flowers has to be properly structured, as the plants are sensitive and delicate, requiring special treatment to develop, in addition to being necessary to pay attention to the administrative and installation issues of planting flowers.
So that you can perfectly execute the activity and have an amazing flower plantation, we created this text teaching you exactly how to do it! Enjoy.
Learn More About Planting Flowers
According to scientists, there are about 270,000 species of flowers in the world. Flower planting in Nigeria, Brazil and some other countries started, more intensely, in the 60’s, when Dutch immigrants arrived bringing with them modern and technological forms of cultivation. Before this period, flowers were already cultivated, but it was not widely used.
The planting of flowers is a very diversified agricultural practice, since it is possible to grow a variety of species.
This activity is characterized by involving a production chain, as it needs a series of direction for its products and professionals to perform the tasks.
Flowers can be grown to meet the demand for gardens, trade in florists or cultivate in pots.
Currently, there are several technologies developed specifically for the cultivation of flowers, which brings practicality to the producers, allowing them to be cultivated throughout the year, keeping the yields stable and profitable.
The flower trade increases at certain times of the year, for example, in the month of June, on Valentine’s Day. Therefore, it is important that the producer is prepared to attend to seasonal occurrences.
Step By Step To Build A Flower Plantation
To start flower planting, it is necessary to know and master the techniques that are necessary to properly maintain the plants and obtain a quality product that can reach the final consumer with the same beauty and aroma.
Follow our step by step below to start your flower planting:
STEP 1: Location For Planting Flowers
To start your flower planting, the first thing to do is to choose the appropriate location to install this business. This choice involves some specific issues, when it comes to planting, then one thinks of a rural area and in fact this is correct.
But, as the flowers are very perishable, it is important that the chosen place is also close to the city to facilitate the transport and conservation of the product.
In addition, getting people to see a beautiful flower plantation can make them more interested in buying, which is perfect if you have a florist or a specific business together.
The cultivation of flowers must be installed on a property that has easy access for suppliers of inputs, consumers and employees, and must be close to highways.
The land selected for planting must have quality soil that is rich in nutrients, as the success of production depends on this factor.
Flowers, unlike fruits, are more “complicated” to be in good condition, because it is a lot of their aesthetic issue, so the smallest details are important and need to be observed.
See also how to start a grape plantation, you can even use part of your space to mix the products, achieving even better yields.
STEP 2: Legal Processes For Planting Flowers
In order to work legally and avoid inconvenience with the regulatory agencies, the producer must obtain legal authorization to start planting flowers.
First of all, it is necessary to go to the relevant authorities to request for the opening of the company and then ask for the Environmental License, Firefighters License and Operating Permit.
For the company to exist legally it is necessary to ask for the CNPJ (National Register of Legal Entities), which has to be done at the Federal Revenue Service.
One must also obtain the classification in the Employer Social Entity, in which the company will be categories to collect taxes, in addition to the registration of the Agricultural Defense Office, registration of IBAMA and registration with SICOMEX.
STEP 3: Structure For Planting Flowers
Any business requires a structure and planting flowers is no different.
In this case, you must have at your disposal an appropriate space, with a land to fix the plants, in addition to a physical structure to carry out the activities of cutting, treating and storing the plants.
The location must contain space to be expanded, as the size of the business tends to vary gradually.
Basically, to carry out this activity it is necessary to have a plant nursery for each species of flower that will be cultivated, an area to solve the administrative issues of the business, a warehouse, stock for the storage of inputs and fertilizers for planting.
STEP 4: Equipment For Planting Flowers
To plant the flowers and maintain them until harvest time, it is necessary to have the appropriate handling equipment.
For the administrative area of the business, it is necessary to buy an office table, chairs, file for hanging folders, computer with internet, printer and telephone.
For the planting of flowers it is necessary to acquire a greenhouse, irrigation equipment, agricultural machine for disinfecting soil, plastic screen for shading, boxes, plastic packaging for seedling, motorized pruner, shovels, disc plow, hoes, rotary hoe.
For the maintenance and distribution of flowers, you have to buy syrup reservoir pumps, spraying and hoses, fertilizers, tubes, vases, seedlings, cold storage, bags, cans, rose cleaners, diggers, pruning shears and pitchforks.
STEP 5: Staff For Planting Flowers
To carry out flower planting activities, you will need florists for planting and maintaining planting, harvesting and post-harvesting of flowers, wrapping and packaging, management of environmental control of greenhouses and handling and application and phytoplankton products.
For transportation you need a driver. In addition to a technical manager, preferably a botanist to learn about the treatment of flowers, an administrator, an administrative assistant and a general services assistant for internal business services.
This structure is for a “large” flower plantation.
Step 6- Raw Material For Planting Flowers
For the planting of flowers to remain active it is necessary to acquire the necessary raw material.
In this case, it is important to buy the seeds of different species of flowers, substrates to treat the soil, such as rice husks, acacia husks, chemical fertilizer, chicken manure, pine husks, sand and tree ferns, in addition to acaricides , insecticides, fungicides, plastic and flower pots.
Market for Flowers
The market for planting flowers is quite promising. A study by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA), points out that the production of flowers generates an average of $ 769.3 million annually in the country, being driven mainly by the acquisition of species for ornamental purposes.
In South America, the flower trade is still smaller when compared to countries like Holland and the United States, but it can be very profitable, having a great growth potential for the coming years, which is due to the emergence of new production and consumption hubs internal and external.
The main plantations in Brazil are concentrated in Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Minas Gerais and São Paulo.
Remember that much of the success of a business depends on how to manage it, excellence in providing the service and looking for differentials in the face of the competition.
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There are hundreds of farmers who grow flowers, many making exorbitant profits and others almost losses, what differentiates one from the others is the way of working. Think about it!